I get the feeling that people are searching "Figures of Speech" when what they mean is "Parts of Speech," which are not at all the same thing.
6 Basic Figures of Speech
1. Metaphor - No words such as `like` or `as` are used to make a comparison of things.
Ex. Thine eyes are stars of morning.
2. Simile - This is an expressed comparison using `like` or `as` and, often, `as if.`
Ex. Thy soul was like a star.
3. Personification - This makes a person out of abstract ideas and things without life.
Ex. Sport that wrinkled Care derides.
4. Metonymy - (Synecdoche)
This consists of mentioning one or two things or ideas that are
so closely associated that the mention of one suggests the other.
Ex. A troop of a thousand bayonets. A fleet of thirty ships.
5. Onomatopoeia - This is known as imitative harmony - words which produce a sound to
imitate the word.
Ex. crash, swish, splash
6. Alliteration - This is when words are used in a series but have the same initial sound.
Ex. The big, black, bounding bear moved across the park.